Motivation, culture, étudiant étranger, Université de Paisley, Écosse, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, OECD, theory of Maslow, theory of Hofstede, physiological needs, safety needs, belonging needs, Esteem needs, Self-actualisation
In this report, the subject student life in Paisley will be analysed. To find some answers, a topic guide has been created and filled in by a Paisley student sample. Thanks to it, a comparison between Chinese and European people has been possible. Two theoretical areas will be used to illustrate this case, and more especially two theories. On the one hand, the motivation will be the first area explained by the Maslow's
theory which classifies human needs in five stages.
On the other hand, the second theory will be Hofstede's theory, and will involve the culture area. It speaks about the differentiation between culture in an objective and quantifying way. From this report, motivations and cultures of foreign students come in Paisley will be analysed, as well as their student life in Paisley.
Indeed, nowadays, more and more students are attracted to studying abroad: tertiary education increasingly reaches beyond national boundaries. In many parts of the world, tertiary-level students are enrolled in programmes in countries where they are not permanent residents. Most of the students who's study abroad aim to learn a new language. Furthermore, studying abroad would be very useful for students, because they will have to manage their own lives themselves, they will be able to discover a new culture and be more open-minded.
[...] Students, here are hard worker, Scottish people are more independent. Teachers are usually friendly with Chinese students. cultures are different (Asia Vs European) language. Yes, We have to cook by ourselves, and economise our money. No help of Government. Most of the time, it is fair, but for foreign people, it is not fair all the time. No, but in China, I used to be. Quite good clothes, here, students prefer take more note during lectures than in China, people here are very friendly with strangers. [...]
[...] The aim of the individual is to satisfy some kind of needs to react other kinds of needs. So he hade to progress in the pyramid which schematize the Maslow model. It is also possible sometimes to go down. That means that the level of life of the individual has regressed because of a bad event. Consumer Behaviour 9 /23 First, the most important needs for the human are the physiological needs. The physiological needs are the basic needs to satisfy like eating, sleeping, breathing, reproduction. [...]
[...] Full-Time Undergraduate domiciles 250 England 200 N orthen Ireland France Nb of students 150 Germ any Greece 100 Ireland (Repubic of) Spain China Consumer Behaviour 5 / Objectives First of all, we must find the best methodology to achieve the necessary data / information to out report. Secondly, we must explain and describe, i.e. outline the background and theory for the first consumer behaviour topic which is Motivation. We will be interested particularly by the theory of Maslow. In association with the last part, this one is the application of the theory. Thus, we should design our own research, i.e. [...]
[...] However, this method is limited, because our sample is too small compared to international students of the University of Paisley. Nationalities Chinese Chinese German German French French Genre F M F M F M Year Numbers of semesters Consumer Behaviour 8 / Theoretical Area 1 First, the motivation has to be definite: “Motive is an inner state that mobilises bodily energy & directs it in selective fashion towards goals usually located in the external environment” (Meg Clarks lecture 3). They are characterized by two components which are a reaction of the body which arouse the bodily energy and then forces which direct these bodily energy in the aim to fill this need. [...]
[...] It is stronger than the belonging because he wants to be known for his competences. For him it is a kind of gratitude. In a personal plan he wants to feel independent from the other people of the community. These 4 stages are called by Abraham Maslow “deficit needs” or because these elements are essentials for the individual to have good life. When all these needs are satisfied, the individual try to satisfy the self actualization needs. Abraham Maslow also calls it the “being needs” or B-needs”. These needs are more abstracts like creativity. [...]
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